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April 26, 2007

Dr. Carl Nathan, R.A. Rees Pritchett Professor of Microbiology and Chairman of Microbiology and Immunology, Weill Cornell Medical College, 4-26-07

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Dr. Carl Nathan's investigative research has focused on the molecular mechanisms of innate immunity. These studies utilize genetic, biochemical, and cell biological approaches to understand how macrophages and neutrophils kill microbial pathogens, tumor cells, and host cells. The immunological role of nitric oxide has become a significant focus of his investigations.

Dr. Nathan is the author or co-author of more than 187 scientific articles and more than 87 monographs, book chapters, and reviews. He has served as an editor of the Journal of Experimental Medicine since 1988, and also has editorial responsibilities for the Journal of Clinical Investigation and the journal Molecular Medicine. He was recently honored with election to the National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Medicine.

Weill Cornell Medical College—located in New York City—is committed to excellence in research, teaching, patient care and the advancement of the art and science of medicine. The Medical College, which is a principal academic affiliate of New York-Presbyterian Hospital, offers an innovative curriculum that integrates the teaching of basic and clinical sciences, problem-based learning, office-based preceptorships, and primary care and doctoring courses. Physicians and scientists of Weill Cornell Medical College are engaged in cutting-edge research in such areas as stem cells, genetics and gene therapy, geriatrics, neuroscience, structural biology, cardiovascular medicine, AIDS, obesity, cancer and psychiatry—and continue to delve ever deeper into the molecular basis of disease in an effort to unlock the mysteries behind the human body and the malfunctions that result in serious medical disorders.

Weill Cornell Medical College is the birthplace of many medical advances—from the development of the Pap test for cervical cancer to the synthesis of penicillin, the first successful embryo-biopsy pregnancy and birth in the U.S., and most recently, the world’s first clinical trial for gene therapy for Parkinson’s disease. Weill Cornell’s Physician Organization includes 650 clinical faculty, who provide the highest quality of care to their patients.

Posted by David Lemberg at 07:59 AM Return to Science and Society Podcasts Main Index

Matthew O’Connell, President and CEO, GeoEye, 4-26-07

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Matthew M. O’Connell is President and CEO of GeoEye. He was CEO of GeoEye’s predecessor, Orbimage, beginning in 2001. In January 2006, Orbimage merged with Space Imaging to form GeoEye, the world’s largest operator of commercial imagery satellites. In the fall of 2006, GeoEye became the first commercial remote sensing corporation to be traded on NASDAQ [GEOY].

Mr. O’Connell has over 20 years of experience in communications management and finance. Prior to joining GeoEye, he was a managing director at Crest Advisors, a New York-based private merchant bank that invested in and advised communications companies, and senior vice president of Legal and Business Affairs for Sony Worldwide Networks, a division of Sony Corporation specializing in radio and Internet programming. Before working at Sony, he served as senior vice president and general counsel of Osborn Communications Corporation, a publicly traded radio and television station operator. Mr. O’Connell began his career on Wall Street as a lawyer specializing in mergers and acquisitions and corporate finance. Mr. O’Connell holds a B.A. in Classics from Trinity College, where he was elected to Phi Beta Kappa, and a Juris Doctor from the University of Virginia Law School.

Space News named Mr. O’Connell one of the “10 Who Made a Difference in Space in 2006”.

Headquartered in Dulles, VA, GeoEye is the world’s largest operator of commercial imaging satellites. GeoEye was formed as a result of ORBIMAGE’s acquisition of Space Imaging in January 2006. The company is the premier provider of geospatial data, information and value-added products for the national security community, strategic partners, resellers and commercial customers. GeoEye operates a constellation of three Earth imaging satellites – OrbView-2, OrbView-3 and IKONOS – and possesses an international network of regional ground stations, a robust image archive, and advanced geospatial imagery processing capabilities. The company was listed on NASDAQ in September 2006.

Posted by David Lemberg at 07:55 AM Return to Science and Society Podcasts Main Index

Professor Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, Director, Infant Language and Perception Laboratory, Temple University, 4-26-07

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Dr. Kathryn Hirsh-Pasek is the Stanley and Debra Lefkowitz Professor in the Department of Psychology at Temple University, where she serves as Director of the Infant Language Laboratory. Professor Hirsh-Pasek has written nine books. Her recent book with Roberta Golinkoff, Einstein Never used Flashcards: How Children Really Learn and Why They Need To Play More and Memorize Less, (Rodale Books) won the prestigious Books for Better Life Award in 2003.

Professor Hirsh-Pasek has published 100 professional articles and given over 80 invited lectures around the world. Her research is funded by the National Science Foundation and the National Institutes of Health and Human Development. She is a Fellow of the American Psychological Association and the American Psychological Society, and serves as the Associate Editor of Child Development, the leading journal in her field.

Professor Hirsh-Pasek has been a spokesperson on early development for national magazines and newspapers (The New York Times, People, US News & World Report, Newsweek, Parent's Magazine), radio and television (The View, The Today Show. Good Morning America), and is an advisor for Sesame Workshop, Fisher Price Toys, Highlights, The Cartoon Network, and Children's Museums across North America.

Professor Kathy Hirsh-Pasek is the lead signatory of The Santiago Declaration. Her Santiago Declaration release quote - “There is widespread agreement that educational policies and practices should be driven by the best science available on how children learn.…Though brain science holds a promissory note for our future understanding of children's learning, current educationally relevant evidence comes from three decades of research in developmental psychology.…This research implies that children are active - not passive or rote - learners."

Professor Hirsh-Pasek’s research interests include

  • Cognitive and social approaches to early language development for children zero to three with particular emphases on early grammatical learning, word acquisition, and language comprehension

  • Research exploring the bridge between developmental theory and social/educational policy with particular emphasis on infant cognition, preschool learning, and child care
  • Posted by David Lemberg at 07:51 AM Return to Science and Society Podcasts Main Index

    April 18, 2007

    Marc Tucker, President, National Center on Education and the Economy, and Co-Chairman, New Commission on the Skills of the American Workforce, 4-19-07

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    Read the transcript of the SCIENCE AND SOCIETY interview with Marc Tucker

    Marc Tucker is President of the National Center on Education and the Economy, a leader in the movement for standards-based school reform in the United States. Mr. Tucker authored the 1986 Carnegie Report, A Nation Prepared: Teachers for the 21st Century, which called for a restructuring of America’s schools based on standards; created the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards; created the Commission on the Skills of the American Workforce and co-authored its report, America’s Choice: high skills or low wages!, which called for a new high school leaving certificate based on standards; was instrumental in creating the National Skill Standards Board and served as the chairman of its committee on standards and assessment policy; and, with Lauren Resnick, created the New Standards consortium, which pioneered the development of performance standards in the United States and created a set of examinations matched to the standards.

    With Ray Marshall, Mr. Tucker co-authored Thinking for a Living: Education and the Wealth of Nations, selected by Business Week as one of the 10 best business books of 1992; with Judy Codding, co-authored Standards for Our Schools: How to Set Them, Measure Them, and Reach Them, published in 1998; and with Judy Codding, co-editored The Principal Challenge, published in 2002.

    The bi-partisan New Commission on the Skills of the American Workforce is comprised of former Cabinet secretaries, governors, college presidents, and business, civic, and labor leaders. The Commission calls for a total shake-up in how America educates its people with an innovative system that boosts students to unprecedented levels of learning throughout their lives while creating a structure that gives them the best teachers and schools the country can offer.

    The Commission was organized by the National Center on Education and the Economy, a not-for-profit organization created to develop proposals for building the world class education and training system that the United States must have if it is to continue to be a world-class economy.

    Posted by David Lemberg at 03:50 PM Return to Science and Society Podcasts Main Index

    Dr. John Ambroseo, President and CEO, Coherent, Inc., 4-19-07

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    Dr. John Ambroseo is the President and Chief Executive Officer of Coherent, Inc. Dr. Ambroseo joined Coherent in August 1988. Since June 2001, he served in the role of Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer until becoming President and Chief Executive Officer in October 2002. During his 19-year tenure at Coherent, he held various positions in domestic and international operations, marketing, and sales. He is the past President of LEOMA (Laser Electro-Optics Manufacturers Association) and is a trustee with the Purchase College Foundation. Dr. Ambroseo received his Ph.D. in Chemistry from the University of Pennsylvania and his Bachelor’s degree from the State University of New York College at Purchase.

    Founded in 1966, Coherent, Inc. (NASDAQ: COHR) has production and research facilities spanning the world, supplying everything from laser systems and components to laser measurement and control products and precision optics to over 80 countries. Many of its customers are Fortune 500 leading manufacturers and scientific researchers from numerous universities and institutes across the Americas, Europe, and Pacific Rim. With over half a billion in sales in fiscal 2006, the company has attained a scale unrivaled by most of its competitors.

    Posted by David Lemberg at 03:48 PM Return to Science and Society Podcasts Main Index

    Dr. Anthony Picciano, Professor, School of Education, Hunter College and Graduate Center of the City University of New York, 4-19-07

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    Dr. Anthony G. Picciano is a Professor in the Graduate Program in Education Leadership at Hunter College. He is also a member of the faculty for the Ph.D. program in Urban Education and the program in Interactive Pedagogy and Technology at the City University of New York Graduate Center.

    Dr. Picciano has 37 years of experience in education administration and teaching, and has been involved in a number of major grants from the U.S. Department of Education, the National Science Foundation, IBM, and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. In 1998, Dr. Picciano co-founded CUNY Online, a multi-million dollar initiative funded by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation that provides support services to faculty using the Internet for course development. Currently he serves on the Board of Directors of the Sloan Consortium. His major research interests are school leadership, policy, Internet-based teaching and learning, and multimedia instructional models.

    Dr. Picciano has authored numerous articles and eight books including Data-Driven Decision Making for Effective School Leadership(2006, Pearson), Educational Leadership and Planning for Technology, 4th ed. (2005, Pearson), Distance Learning: Making Connections across Virtual Space and Time (2001, Pearson), and Educational Research Primer (2004, Continuum). His most recent book was co-edited with Chuck Dziuban and is entitled, Blended Learning: Research Perspectives (2007, Sloan Consortium).

    Dr. Picciano is the lead researcher on the K-12 Online Learning: A Survey of U.S. School District Administrators study. The purpose of the study was to explore the nature of online learning in K-12 schools and to establish base data for more extensive future studies. Issues related to planning, operational difficulties, and online learning providers were also examined. This study was based on a national survey of American school district chief administrators during the 2005-2006 academic year. It is one of the first studies to collect data on and compare fully online and blended learning (part online and part traditional face-to-face instruction) in K-12 schools. The distinction between fully online and blended learning is a most important refinement of previous studies on this topic. This study was funded through the generosity of The Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.

    Posted by David Lemberg at 03:42 PM Return to Science and Society Podcasts Main Index

    April 12, 2007

    John Rennie, Editor in Chief, SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN, 4-12-07

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    John Rennie is only the seventh editor in chief in the 160-year history of SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN magazine. Since his appointment in late 1994, he has been the executive force behind the modernization and reinvigoration of this great publishing institution.

    Rennie joined the staff of SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN as a member of the Board of Editors in 1989, having previously worked as a science writer covering biology, technology, and medicine for a variety of publications. He helped plan and edit several of SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN’s distinguished single-topic issues, including Mind and Brain (Sept. 1992, the best-selling issue in SA’s history) and Life, Death and the Immune System (Sept. 1993, later republished as a book by W.H. Freeman).

    As Editor in Chief, Rennie oversaw such single-topic issues as Key Technologies for the 21st Century (Sept. 1995), What You Need to Know About Cancer (Sept. 1996) and A Matter of Time (Sept. 2002) All three of these issues were nominated for National Magazine Awards; What You Need to Know About Cancer and A Matter of Time both won for editorial excellence as Single-Topic Issues.

    In September 2003 the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies honored Rennie with its Navigator Award for distinguished service in support of national science and technology policy. In 2000 the Council of Scientific Society Presidents bestowed on Rennie its Sagan Award for Public Understanding of Science, which is given annually “to honor those who have become concurrently accomplished as researchers and/or educators, and as widely recognized magnifiers of the public's understanding of science.”

    Rennie received his B.S. degree from Yale University in 1981, after which he worked for several years in a laboratory at Harvard Medical School before embarking on his career as a science writer. His writing has appeared in The Economist, The New York Times, Longevity, and other publications. His numerous television and radio appearances include the ABC World News Weekend, PBS Newshour with Jim Lehrer, Entertainment Tonight, CBS Early Show, and National Public Radio’s Science Friday.

    Scientific American, founded in 1845, is the foremost publication for individuals who want to understand the science and technology that is shaping our world. Editorial contributors have included over 130 Nobel laureates, among them Albert Einstein, Neils Bohr, Francis Crick, Stanley Prusiner and Harold Varmus. Scientific American, Inc. is a division of Holtzbrinck Publishers, a U.S. subsidiary of Verlagsgruppe Georg von Holtzbrinck GmbH, a privately held international media corporation operating in more than 40 countries.

    Posted by David Lemberg at 07:50 AM Return to Science and Society Podcasts Main Index

    Dr. Carole Beal, Project Director, K12@USC, University of Southern California Viterbi School of Engineering, 4-12-07

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    Dr. Carole Beal was trained as a developmental psychologist, receiving her doctorate from Stanford University in 1983. In the early stage of her career at Dartmouth College, Dr. Beal’s research focused on memory development and metacognitive strategies for literacy and science learning, including the design of interventions for classroom use (e.g., strategy training for revision). Results are represented in approximately 30 articles in traditional developmental and education journals.

    Her current grant-funded work emphasizes the evaluation of instructional technology in realistic educational delivery settings: public school classrooms and informal learning situations in the urban Southern California area, with its rich ethnic, economic and linguistic diversity.

    Dr. Beal is a subject matter expert on gender and STEM learning, reflected in her research on gender and ethnic differences in mathematics learning, and also in her book Boys and Girls: The Development of Gender Roles (1994). Dr. Beal served as the Associate Editor of Journal of Educational Psychology, the leading journal in the field, for five years. She is currently a member of the editorial board and has been nominated as the next Editor.

    The K12@USC project focuses on the design, development and evaluation of technology-based learning resources in math and science. The project is part of the Information Sciences Institute at the USC Viterbi School of Engineering. K12@USC creates intelligent tutoring systems (ITS) and serious games to provide middle and high school students with individualized instruction based on prior achievement, cognitive skills, and learner motivation. The project has a special focus on creating learning systems to reach students who have traditionally not become highly engaged with math and science.

    K12@USC tutoring systems are designed for classroom integration through alignment with standards, inclusion of assessment and reporting tools for teachers, and strong emphasis on learning outcomes. The project works with master teachers to create and review the content and scaffolding. The K12@USC systems can also be used at home, or through after-school and community programs.

    Posted by David Lemberg at 07:46 AM Return to Science and Society Podcasts Main Index

    Dr. Jo Anne Shatkin, Principal,The Cadmus Group, 4-12-07

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    Jo Anne Shatkin, Ph.D., is a Principal of The Cadmus Group, an international firm that provides environmental, water and energy consulting services to government and private clients. She is a recognized expert in environmental aspects of nanotechnology, human health risk assessment and technical communications, and manages Cadmus’ human health risk assessment and nanotechnology practice. She is presently leading Cadmus’ efforts to support the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Planning for Nanotechnology Research.

    Dr. Shatkin has 18 years of experience in research and application of quantitative human health risk assessment managing over 70 environmental risk assessments under a variety of US federal, state, and voluntary programs. Her areas of expertise include environmental chemistry, assessing chemical bioavailability, and providing technical support for advisory and stakeholder outreach and communication.

    Dr. Shaktin received her Ph.D. in Environmental Science and Policy in 1994 and her MA in Risk Management and Technology Assessment, both from Clark University, Worcester, MA. She is a research fellow of the George Perkins Marsh Institute at Clark University.

    Dr. Shatkin has been an active member of the Society for Risk Analysis since 1989, and recently founded the Emerging Nanoscale Materials Specialty Group of the Society for Risk Analysis.

    Founded in 1983, employee-owned The Cadmus Group helps government, nonprofit, and corporate clients address critical challenges in the environmental and energy sectors. Cadmus provides an array of research and analytical services in the United States and abroad, specializing in solving complex problems that demand innovative, multidisciplinary thinking. Among Cadmus’ major practice areas are Drinking Water and Water Quality, Communications and Social Marketing, Energy Services (including energy efficiency and renewable energy), Risk Assessment, Environmental Impact Assessment and Environmentally Sound Design, and Environmental Management.

    The Cadmus staff includes scientists; engineers; statisticians; economists; MBAs; marketing, public relations, and communications professionals; attorneys; information technology specialists; and public policy analysts. Many of our senior consultants are nationally recognized experts in their fields and several serve on high-level U.S. government science advisory boards.

    Posted by David Lemberg at 07:43 AM Return to Science and Society Podcasts Main Index

    April 05, 2007

    Dr. Steven Aldana, Professor of Lifestyle Medicine, Department of Exercise Sciences, Brigham Young University, and Adjunct Faculty, University of Illinois School of Medicine, 4-5-07

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    Steven G. Aldana, Ph.D., is a Professor of Lifestyle Medicine in the Department of Exercise Sciences at Brigham Young University in Provo, UT, and an adjunct faculty member at the University of Illinois School of Medicine. One of the nation’s leading health experts, Dr. Aldana is a regular consultant to the National Institutes of Health, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the National Cancer Institute. He is also the lead scientist on several large lifestyle research trials.

    Dr. Aldana is the author of The Culprit and the Cure and a new pocket reference, The Stop & Go Fast Food Nutrition Guide, which offers at-a-glance nutritional information about America's favorite fast foods.

    Posted by David Lemberg at 07:40 AM Return to Science and Society Podcasts Main Index

    Stephen Piccot, Director of Environment and Energy, Southern Research Institute, 4-5-07

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    Stephen Piccot has more than 22 years experience executing and managing environmental research projects for the U.S. EPA, the U.S. DOE, state regulatory agencies, industry trade organizations, government associations, private industry, and consulting firms. As director of the Environment and Energy Department at Southern Research Institute, he manages four research operations located in Alabama, Florida and North Carolina.

    Mr. Piccot has managed GHG research projects in areas of methane and nitrous oxide source emission measurements, development of GHG source measurement methods, site-specific control technology evaluations for coal mining operations and electric utilities, CO2 emission and energy forecast model development, and GHG inventory development and policy analysis. He is uniquely familiar with the testing requirements and technologies associated with sources of emissions in the coal, oil, gas, landfill, refrigeration, IC Engine, distributed generation, and other industries. He also has experience with source-specific engineering and economic analyses and field demonstrations of emission control technologies.

    Since 1997, Mr. Piccot has advised several global organizations on technology performance verification issues, including the World Bank, the Secretariat of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, the U.S. EPA, Natural Resources Canada, Environment Canada, The Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce-New Deli, the Center for the Advancement of Energy Markets, and others. He earned a B.S. in Environmental Engineering from California Polytechnic State University, where he has also completed graduate-level course work in Environmental Engineering.

    Southern Research Institute is a not-for-profit organization that conducts basic and applied research in the areas of preclinical drug discovery and drug development, advanced engineering, environmental and energy production. To date, Southern Research has discovered six FDA-approved cancer drugs and discovered four additional drugs that are currently in clinical trials.

    Southern Research conducts basic and applied research for both public and private organizations. Clients include the National Institute of Health, the U.S. Departments of Justice, Defense and Energy, Environmental Protection Agency and NASA. Southern Research works with major commercial clients in the pharmaceutical, biotechnology, automotive, energy and manufacturing sectors.

    Posted by David Lemberg at 07:37 AM Return to Science and Society Podcasts Main Index

    Dr. Pat Marsteller, Director, Emory College Center for Science Education, and Faculty Member, Department of Biology, Emory University, 4-5-07

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    Dr. Pat Marsteller directs the Emory College Center for Science Education and is a faculty member in the Department of Biology at Emory. She studied evolution of animal behavior for her M.S. degree at University of South Carolina and evolution and quantitative genetics for her Ph.D. at the University of Florida. Dr. Marsteller worked with alligators for her M.S. thesis, investigating whether they could use the sun, the moon and the stars to navigate. Her dissertation research focused on a quantitative genetic analysis, using with fruit flies as a model system, to investigate genetic and environmental influence on life history patterns and traits such as longevity and quantity and timing of reproduction. Dr. Marsteller has taught courses on evolution, Darwin and the idea of evolution, and many other courses over her 30 years of college teaching. She also works with college and pre-college faculty on developing curriculum materials and on using active learning strategies in the teaching of science and mathematics.

    The heart of the The Emory College Center for Science Education mission is to improve science education at all levels, K-postdoc. Initially the primary focus was on undergraduate biological science education. As the ECCSE has grown and evolved, programs have expanded to include all the sciences. The Center works with faculty to develop and improve courses, to integrate research into the curriculum, to try new pedagogy and to acquire funds for new laboratories. The Center works with students through seminars, workshops, and career resources, and identifies research and internship opportunities and provide funds for undergraduate research.

    ECCSE is particularly interested in attracting and retaining underrepresented students, women and minorities in careers in science. Work in these areas includes special programs for undergraduates and outreach efforts with metro Atlanta Public School teachers and students. Outreach components included establishing linkages between a college program for high school juniors and Summer Institute for minority students. The Center’s work has attracted and prepared students for careers in the biological and biomedical sciences, particularly underrepresented minorities and women, through research-rich curriculum and enhanced research opportunities.

    Posted by David Lemberg at 07:34 AM Return to Science and Society Podcasts Main Index