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October 27, 2006

Dr. William Carroll, American Chemical Society 2006 Immediate Past President, and Vice President, Chlorovinyl Issues, Occidental Chemical Corporation, 10-27-06


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Dr. William F. Carroll, Jr. holds a B.A. in Chemistry and Physics from DePauw University, Greencastle, IN, an M.S. from Tulane University in New Orleans, and a Ph.D. from Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, both in Organic Chemistry. He started his industry career in 1978 and after a year with Rohm and Haas Company, Bristol, PA, moved to what is now known as Occidental Chemical Corporation. He is currently Vice President, Chlorovinyl Issues for OxyChem and works on public policy issues and communications related to chlorine and PVC. He is also Adjunct Professor of Chemistry at Indiana University, Bloomington, IN and teaches polymer chemistry there.

Dr. Carroll is Immediate Past President (2006) of the American Chemical Society, a member of the ACS Budget and Finance Committee, and past chair of its International Activities Committee. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry, a member of the U.S. National Committee for the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, and a member of the Science Advisory Board for DePauw University.

Dr. Carroll has been an active member of and chaired various committees for a number of chemistry, plastics, fire protection and recycling organizations. He has served on expert groups commissioned by the United Nations Environmental Program, the State of Florida, and the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality. He received the Vinyl Institute’s Roy T. Gottesman Leadership Award for lifetime achievement in 2000.

Dr. Carroll holds two patents, and has over 40 publications in the fields of organic electrochemistry, polymer chemistry, combustion chemistry and physics, incineration, plastics recycling and chlorine issues.

The American Chemical Society (ACS) is a federally chartered independent membership organization which represents professionals at all degree levels and in all fields of chemistry and sciences that involve chemistry. ACS has a membership of more than 158,400 and a staff of 1900, with offices in Washington, D.C., and Columbus, OH.

ACS advances knowledge and research through scholarly publishing, scientific conferences, information resources for education and business, and professional development efforts. The ACS also plays a leadership role in educating and communicating with public audiences—citizens, students, public leaders and others—about the important role that chemistry plays in identifying new solutions, improving public health, protecting the environment, and contributing to the economy.

The Mission of the American Chemical Society is to

  • Advance the chemical sciences and technology

  • Communicate the value of chemistry and chemical engineering to the public

  • Support the chemical profession and its practitioners
  • Posted by David Lemberg at 07:38 AM Return to Science and Society Podcasts Main Index

    Dr. Mario Paniccia, Director of the Photonics Technology Lab Communications Technology Lab, Intel Corporation, 10-27-06


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    Dr. Mario Paniccia is a Senior Principal engineer and Director of the Photonic Technology Lab at Intel Corporation. He currently directs a research group with activities in the area of Silicon Photonics. The team is focused on developing silicon-based photonic building blocks for future use in enterprise and data center communications.

    Dr. Paniccia has worked in many areas of optical technologies during his career at Intel including optical testing for leading edge microprocessors, optical communications and optical interconnects. His team’s pioneering activities in silicon photonics have led to the first silicon modulator with bandwidth greater than 1GHz (2004) and the first continuous-wave Silicon laser breakthrough (2005).

    Dr. Paniccia has won several awards including the Scientific American Top 50 (November 2004) for his team’s work in the area of silicon photonics. He has published numerous papers — including three in Nature — and two book chapters, and has over 65 patents issued or pending. Dr. Paniccia is a senior member of IEEE and a fellow of OSA. He earned a B.S. degree in Physics in 1988 from the State University of New York at Binghamton and a Ph.D. degree in Solid State Physics from Purdue University in 1994.

    Posted by David Lemberg at 07:34 AM Return to Science and Society Podcasts Main Index

    James E. Whaley, President, Siemens Foundation, 10-27-06


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    James E. Whaley was appointed President of the Siemens Foundation in June 2006. He has overseen the Foundation’s management since joining as Vice President in October 2004. In addition to his work with the Foundation, Mr. Whaley also serves as the Director of Public Affairs for Siemens Corporation.

    Under Mr. Whaley’s tenure as Vice President, the Foundation expanded its Siemens Awards for Advanced Placement program to all 50 states, recognizing students, teachers and schools for exceptional achievement in AP math and science courses nationally. The Foundation also launched Siemens Teacher Scholarships in collaboration with the Thurgood Marshall Scholarship Fund and United Negro College Fund. This initiative awards college scholarships to encourage minority students at Historically Black Colleges and Universities to pursue teaching careers in science and math. Mr. Whaley also initiated Siemens Science Day, a national program created to captivate young students’ interest in math, science and technology.

    Previously Mr. Whaley served as Director of Communications at the United States Military Academy at West Point. In that position he executed an innovative communications plan in celebration of West Point’s 200th anniversary. This plan resulted in 24 books, eight network television documentaries, and won the 2003 Public Relations Society of America Award of Excellence and the 2003 PR Week Public Campaign of the Year.

    The Siemens Foundation, established in 1998, is a national leader in math and science education, providing nearly $2 million in scholarships and awards annually. Based in Iselin, NJ, the Foundation’s signature programs – the Siemens Competition in Math, Science & Technology, the Siemens Awards for Advanced Placement, and the Siemens Teacher Scholarships – recognize exceptional achievement in science, math and technology. By supporting outstanding students today, and recognizing the teachers and schools that inspire their excellence, the Foundation helps nurture tomorrow’s scientists and engineers. The Foundation’s mission is based on the culture of innovation, research and educational support that is the hallmark of Siemens’ U.S. operating companies and its parent company, Siemens AG.

    Posted by David Lemberg at 07:28 AM Return to Science and Society Podcasts Main Index

    October 19, 2006

    Dr. Thomas Rowe, Program Leader — Influenza, Drug Development Division — Southern Research Institute, 10-20-06


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    Thomas Rowe is Program Leader — Influenza, Drug Development Division — at Southern Research Institute, located in Birmingham, AL. Southern Research is a not-for-profit organization that conducts basic and applied research in the areas of preclinical drug discovery and drug development, advanced engineering, environmental and energy production. Southern Research Institute clients include National Institute of Health, the U.S. Departments of Justice, Defense and Energy, Environmental Protection Agency, and NASA.

    Mr. Rowe’s research interests include development of improved vaccines for biological threat agents, development of diagnostic assays for the detection of newly emerging viruses, and cell-mediated immune responses to respiratory viruses. Mr. Rowe has authored or co-authored more than 60 professional articles, abstracts, and presentations. He is a member of American Biological Safety Association, American Society for Microbiology, and American Society for Virology.

    Posted by David Lemberg at 02:22 PM Return to Science and Society Podcasts Main Index

    Dr. Yousif Shamoo, Associate Professor of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Rice University, 10-20-06


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    Dr. Yousif Shamoo is Associate Professor of Biochemistry and Cell Biology at Rice University in Houston, TX. Dr. Shamoo uses structural biology to investigate a wide range of areas including sequence-specific RNA recognition, DNA replication, and molecular evolution of microbial populations. Using in vivo molecular evolution,

    Dr. Shamoo's research team is studying how an organism mutates an essential gene as a response to changes in its environment. The experiments follow populations of mutant bacteria as they compete for survival, and his research group uses x-ray crystallography to examine both the winners and losers.

    Posted by David Lemberg at 02:18 PM Return to Science and Society Podcasts Main Index

    Professor Cliff Davidson, Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, 10-20-06


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    Dr. Cliff Davidson is a Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University. His research interests and expertise include sustainability as it applies to engineering and the environment; mathematical modeling and measurement of particle dry deposition from the atmosphere onto vegetation, structures, and surrogate surfaces; the effect of air pollution on buildings and monuments; pollutants in remote areas; and use of glacial records to understand historical air pollution trends.

    Professor Davidson received an M.S. in Environmental Engineering Science at California Institute of Technology in 1973 and a Ph.D. in Environmental Engineering Science at CalTech in 1977.

    The new Center for Sustainable Engineering is being created by a collaborative research team led by Carnegie Mellon University, The University of Texas at Austin, and Arizona State University. The center, supported by $1.7 million from the National Science Foundation and $350,000 from the Environmental Protection Agency, is designed to help future engineers better manage increased stress on the world’s limited resources.

    The Center for Engineering Sustainability plans to help galvanize engineering programs into action. Programs will include holding workshops to improve engineering faculty teaching, creating a Web site with peer-reviewed educational materials about sustainable engineering, and conducting a nationwide survey of sustainable engineering programs and courses to benchmark the status of education in this emerging discipline. The Center’s first workshops are scheduled for July 17-19, 2006, and July 19-21, 2006, at Carnegie Mellon.

    Posted by David Lemberg at 02:05 PM Return to Science and Society Podcasts Main Index

    October 18, 2006

    Dr. John Bahcall, Richard Black Professor Natural Sciences, Institute for Advanced Study, 2-23-05


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    Dr. John Bahcall (1934-2005) had a long and prolific career in astronomy and astrophysics, spanning five decades and the publication of more than 500 technical papers, books, and popular articles.

    Dr. Bahcall's original calculations of the expected neutrino output from the sun led to a long, experimental, and intellectual adventure that continues today. The "solar neutrino problem" has yielded new insights in astrophysics and into the most basic forces of nature. Dr. Bahcall led a major effort to exploit the capabilities of the Hubble Space Telescope in elucidating the properties of quasars, and is recognized for his theoretical work in many different areas of astrophysics, including models of the Galaxy and studies of dark matter.

    Dr. Bahcall was Richard Black Professor Natural Sciences at the Institute for Advanced Study. He joined the Institute in 1968. He was a Fellow of the American Physical Society, and Member of the National Academy of Sciences, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and NASA Advisory Council.

    Dr. Bahcall was the recipient of the NASA Distinguished Public Service Medal (1992), National Medal of Science (1998), Hans Bethe Prize (1998), Dan David Prize (2003), Royal Astronomical Society Gold Medal (2003), Benjamin Franklin Medal (2003), Enrico Fermi Award (2003), and the Comstock Prize in Physics (2004).

    The Institute for Advanced Study is one of the world’s leading centers for theoretical research and intellectual inquiry. The Institute exists to encourage and support fundamental scholarship—the original, often speculative, thinking that produces advances in knowledge. It provides for the mentoring of young scholars by senior Faculty, and offers the freedom to pursue work that will make significant contributions to a broad range of fields in the sciences and humanities. The Institute is a private, independent academic institution located on an 800-acre site in Princeton, NJ. It was founded in 1930 by philanthropists Louis Bamberger and his sister Caroline Bamberger Fuld, and through the vision of educator Abraham Flexner and the guidance of founding Trustees Samuel D. Leidesdorf and Herbert H. Maass.

    Work at the Institute takes place in four Schools: Historical Studies, Mathematics, Natural Sciences, and Social Science. Esteemed past faculty have included Albert Einstein, who remained at the Institute until his death in 1955, and luminaries such as Kurt Gödel, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Erwin Panofsky, Homer A. Thompson, John von Neumann, and Hermann Weyl. Currently, a permanent Faculty of 26 eminent scholars guides the work of the Schools, and each year awards fellowships to some 190 visiting Members, from about 100 universities and research institutions throughout the world. The Institute’s more than 5000 former Members hold positions of intellectual and scientific leadership in the United States and abroad. More than a dozen Nobel laureates, and many more winners of the Wolf or MacArthur prizes, have been Institute Faculty or Members. Thirty-two out of 44 Fields Medalists have been Institute Faculty or Members.

    Posted by David Lemberg at 09:06 AM Return to Science and Society Podcasts Main Index

    October 12, 2006

    Dr. Miles Drake, Vice President And Chief Technology Officer, Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 10-13-06


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    Read the transcript of the SCIENCE AND SOCIETY interview with Dr. Miles Drake

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    Dr. Miles Drake earned a B.S. in chemistry from Cambridge University and a Ph.D. in surface and colloid chemistry from the University of Bristol. For 10 years, he worked at STL, a corporate laboratory of ITT in the United Kingdom, which focused on developing materials for electronic component manufacturing.

    Dr. Drake joined Air Products and Chemicals in 1986 as the technology manager for the company's European Electronics Research and Development group. Shortly after, he was appointed to technology director. In 1990 Dr. Drake relocated to the United States, where he became director of Advanced Technology for the Global Applications Development Group.

    Dr. Drake was later named director of the Corporate Science and Technology Center, followed by director of Gases and Equipment Group Technology. He assumed his current position as vice president and chief technology officer in 2001. Dr. Drake is also chairman-elect of the Industrial Research Institute and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry.

    Posted by David Lemberg at 09:36 PM Return to Science and Society Podcasts Main Index

    Dr. Frankie Wood-Black, Director of Consent Decree Compliance, ConocoPhillips, 10-13-06


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    Read the transcript of the SCIENCE AND SOCIETY interview with Dr. Frankie Wood-Black

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    Dr. Frankie Wood-Black is the Director of Consent Decree Compliance at ConocoPhillips. Her responsibilities are focused on supporting refinery compliance with the Benzene, Hazardous Air Pollutant, and Leak Detection and Repair regulations. Dr. Wood-Black also supports compliance with the Toxic Substance Control Act.

    Dr. Wood-Black received a B.S. in physics from Central State University (now the University of Central Oklahoma), a Ph.D. in physics, and an M.B.A. from Oklahoma State University. She was previously the Director of Business Services for Downstream Technology, the Technology Services marketing manager for Phillips Petroleum, and quality assurance team leader at the Borger Refinery and NGL Center.

    Dr. Wood-Black has been active in numerous professional activities and serves as the ConocoPhillips representative for Corporation Associates of the American Chemical Society. She is a contributing editor of the Journal for Chemical Health and Safety with her coauthored column, "CHAS Netways." Dr. Wood-Black has one patent, several technical publications, and has coauthored a book entitled Emergency Preparedness Planning—A Primer for Chemists. She regularly makes presentations at the American Chemical Society national meetings and is a registered environmental manager.

    Posted by David Lemberg at 09:33 PM Return to Science and Society Podcasts Main Index

    Dr. Alan Baylis, President and CEO, Nuvistix Innovation, 10-13-06


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    Dr. Alan Baylis is President and CEO of Nuvistix Innovation, with a background in agriculture, specifically farming, crop science research, and agribusiness. Dr. Baylis earned his bachelor's and Ph.D. degrees in crop physiology from the University of Leeds and an M.B.A. from Henley Management College. He managed and worked on a farm for three years before joining the fertilizer division of Imperial Chemical Industries at Jealott's Hill International Research Centre in 1982.

    After developing technical services based on a model of winter wheat growth and development, Dr. Baylis moved to the Agrochemicals Division to lead research on plant growth regulators. His major goals were improving yield and quality of rice, maize, and soybeans. In 1992 Dr. Baylis began managing Zeneca's R&D on nonselective herbicides, covering not only field crops, but temperate and tropical fruit, and noncrop weed control. Biotechnology came to play an important role with developments in genetically modified crops resistant to glyphosate herbicide, the world's leading agrochemical.

    After working in technical marketing for Syngenta, Dr. Baylis established Nuvistix Innovation in 2004. He has been working closely with the Society of Chemical Industry to develop programs to promote interest in crop plants as sources of fuels, feedstocks, platform chemicals, and bioactive molecules.

    Posted by David Lemberg at 09:29 PM Return to Science and Society Podcasts Main Index

    October 06, 2006

    Susan Hassler, Editor-in-Chief of IEEE Spectrum, 10-6-06


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    Susan Hassler, Editor-in-Chief of IEEE Spectrum, has more than 20 years of experience as a science editor and journalist dealing with a wide range of complex topics from developmental neurobiology to genetic and metabolic engineering. Her previous positions include the editorship of Nature Biotechnology, where she led the effort to reposition the publication and developed a number of brand extensions for it. She also served as editor at The Neurosciences Institute at Rockefeller University, associate editor for The Sciences, and a member of the editorial startup team at Quest Magazine. She has been an adjunct professor in the Science and Environmental Writing program at the New York University School of Journalism.

    IEEE Spectrum is the flagship publication of the IEEE, the world's largest technical professional society. Through its 365,000 members in 150 countries, the not-for-profit association is a leading authority on a wide variety of areas ranging from aerospace systems, computers and telecommunications to biomedical engineering, electric power and consumer electronics. Dedicated to the advancement of technology, the IEEE publishes 30 percent of the world's literature in the electrical and electronics engineering and computer science fields, and has developed more than 900 active industry standards. The organization also sponsors or cosponsors more than 300 international technical conferences each year. The IEEE Fellow membership grade is conferred by the Board of Directors upon a person with an extraordinary record of accomplishments in any of the IEEE fields of interest. The total number selected in any one year does not exceed one-tenth percent of the total voting IEEE membership.

    Posted by David Lemberg at 09:04 AM Return to Science and Society Podcasts Main Index

    Dr. Steven Salzberg, Director of the Center for Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, and Horvitz Professor of Computer Science at the University of Maryland, 10-6-06


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    Dr. Steven Salzberg is the Director of the Center for Bioinformatics and Computational Biology (CBCB) and the Horvitz Professor of Computer Science at the University of Maryland, College Park. For much of the past ten years, Dr. Salzberg has been working on the analysis of genomes in collaboration with colleagues at The Institute for Genomic Research and at other research centers around the world. He was part of the team that published the human genome in 2001, and has participated in the sequencing of genomes from a long list of human pathogens, including the microbes responsible for anthrax, Lyme disease, tuberculosis, and malaria. His group devotes much of its effort to the development of software for genome analysis, and they have been among the leading advocates of open-source software development in the genomics field. In 2004, Dr. Salzberg was one of the founders of the Influenza Genome Sequencing Project, which is now in the process of sequencing thousands of isolates of the influenza virus, in an effort to help design better vaccines and to better understand the nature of influenza pandemics.

    Dr. Salzberg has authored or co-authored two books and over 125 publications in leading scientific journals, and he currently serves on the editorial boards of seven journals. He is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and a member of the Board of Scientific Counsellors of the National Center for Biotechnology Information at NIH.

    The University of Maryland Center for Bioinformatics and Computational Biology (CBCB) is a multidisciplinary center dedicated to research on questions arising from the genome revolution. CBCB brings together scientists and engineers from many fields, including computer science, molecular biology, genomics, mathematics, statistics, physics, and biochemistry, all of whom share a common interest in gaining a better understanding of how life works.

    Posted by David Lemberg at 09:00 AM Return to Science and Society Podcasts Main Index

    Dr. Gary Fedder, Howard M. Wilkoff Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Director, Institute for Complex Engineered Systems, Carnegie Mellon University, 10-6-06


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    Dr. Gary Fedder is Howard M. Wilkoff Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering and the new Director of the Institute for Complex Engineered Systems at Carnegie Mellon University. Professor Gary Fedder’s research interests are in the multidisciplinary area of microelectromechanical systems, and focus primarily on design, fabrication, and control aspects of sensor- and actuator-based systems. In MEMS, micron- to millimeter-size systems with sophisticated abilities to interact with their environment are manufactured through the use of VLSI-based photolithographic batch fabrication methods.

    Professor Fedder's group is designing a variety of MEMS, including microaccelerometers, gyroscopes, resonant sensors, and x-y-z microservos, using a unique process that combines foundry CMOS with thin film microstructures. Research in MEMS computer-aided design aims to develop structured design tools and a top-down synthesis flow. Continuing research will study control of large systems of microsensors and actuators, and broaden the manufacturing capabilities of integrated MEMS.

    Professor Fedder received the B.S. and M.S. degrees in EECS from MIT in 1982 and 1984, respectively. From 1984 to 1989, he worked at the Hewlett-Packard Company on a VLSI integrated-circuit test system and on modeling of printed-circuit-board interconnect for high-speed computers. In 1994, he received the Ph.D. degree in EECS from the University of California at Berkeley, where his research resulted in the first demonstration of multimode control of an underdamped surface-micromachined inertial device. He received the 1993 AIME Electronic Materials Society Ross Tucker Award, the 1996 Carnegie Institute of Technology G.T. Ladd Award, and the 1996 NSF CARRER Award.

    Currently, Professor Fedder serves as a subject editor for the IEEE/ASME Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, and on the editorial board of the IoP Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering. He served as general co-chair of the 2005 IEEE MEMS Conference. Professor Fedder has contributed to over 100 research publications and several patents in the MEMS area.

    Posted by David Lemberg at 08:52 AM Return to Science and Society Podcasts Main Index